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Charter of COMECON
Generalissimo Joseph Stalin
Group: Assistant Admins
Member No.: 4
Joined: 24-May 07
OOC: Here is the 1974 COMECON Charter. It is used as the current COMECON Charter for roleplaying purposes.
|The Comecon Charter, 1974|
ARTICLE I: AIMS AND PRINCIPLES
1. The aim of Comecon [*] is to promote, by uniting and
co-ordinating the efforts of the member countries with a view to
continuing to strengthen and improve collaboration and the
development of socialist economic integration, the planned development of
their national economies, the acceleration of their economic and
technical progress, an increase of the level of industrialization
in the less industrialized countries, the uninterrupted growth of
labor productivity, the approximation and gradual equalization of
levels of economic development, and a steady advance in the welfare
of the peoples of the member countries.
2. Comecon is based on the principle of the sovereign
equality of all its member countries.
The policy of economic, scientific, and technical co-operation
among the member countries will be implemented in accordance with
the principles of socialist internationalism, based on respect for
state sovereignty, independence, and national interests,
noninterference in each other's domestic affairs, full equality of rights,
mutual advantage, and mutual comradely assistance.
ARTICLE II: MEMBERSHIP
1. The full members of Comecon are the countries that sign
and ratify the present charter.
2. Membership is open to any other countries that share the
Council's aims and principles and agree to accept the obligations
contained in the present charter.
3. Any member country may withdraw from the Council by giving
notice to that effect to the depositary of the present charter.
Such notice becomes effective six months after its receipt by the
depositary. On receipt of such notice the depositary will inform
the member countries of the Council.
(*) The charter uses the expression "Council for Mutual Economic
Assistance" or its abbreviation "CMEA"; the term "Comecon" or
"the Council" is substituted throughout for the reader's
4. The member countries of the Council agree:
a. To ensure the fulfillment of the recommendations of the
Council agencies adopted by these countries;
b. To render the Council and its officials the necessary
co-operation in the discharge of their functions under
the present charter;
c. To submit to the Council materials and information
necessary for carrying out the tasks assigned to it;
d. To inform the Council about progress in fulfilling the
recommendations of Council agencies that they [the member
countries] have accepted.
ARTICLE III: FUNCTIONS AND POWERS
1. In conformity with the aims and principles specified in
Article I of this charter Comecon:
a. Organizes multilateral economic, scientific, and
technical co-operation among its member countries, to
ensure the most rational use of their natural resources
and the acceleration of the development of their
production forces, and contributes to the spread of
socialist economic integration;
b. Fosters the improvement of the international socialist
division of labor by co-ordinating national economic
development plans, and specialization and co-operation in
production among the Council's member countries;
c. Takes measures to study economic, scientific, and technical
problems that are of interest to the Council's member
d. Assists the member countries in working out, agreeing
upon, and implementing joint measures for:
- the development of the industry and agriculture of
- the development of transportation with a view to ensuring
first priority for increasing export, import, and transit
shipments of the member countries;
- the most efficient use of principal capital
investments allocated by the Council's member countries for
the development of the mining and manufacturing
industries and for the construction of major projects
of interest to two or more countries;
- the development of trade and exchange of services
among the member countries and between them and other
- the exchange of scientific and technical achievements
and advanced production experience.
e. Takes such other actions as may be required for the
achievement of the aims of Comecon.
2. In conformity with the present charter, Comecon:
a. Is authorized to adopt recommendations and make decisions
through the agency of its various organizations, which
act within the limits of their competence;
b. May conclude international conventions with Comecon
states, with other countries, and with international
ARTICLE IV: RECOMMENDATIONS AND DECISIONS
1. Recommendations shall be made on questions of economic,
scientific, and technical co-operation. Recommendations shall be
submitted to member countries for consideration.
Member countries shall carry out the recommendations they
receive by decisions of their governments or other competent agencies
in accordance with their legislative processes.
2. Decisions shall be adopted on organizational and procedural
matters. Unless otherwise provided therein or because the nature of
the subject matter prevents it, decisions come into force on the day
on which the minutes of the meeting are signed by the appropriate
agency of the Council.
3. All recommendations and decisions of the Council can be
adopted only with the consent of interested member, countries, and any
country may declare an interest in any question under consideration
by the Council.
Recommendations and decisions do not apply to members who
have declared themselves as having no interest in the question
concerned. Any of these countries, however, may subsequently
accept recommendations or decisions adopted by the other member
ARTICLE V: ORGANS
1. For the purpose of carrying out the functions and exercising
the powers laid down in Article III of this charter, Comecon comprises
the following principal agencies:
Session of the Council;
2. Other agencies, as they prove necessary, may be constituted
in accordance with the present charter.
ARTICLE VI: SESSION OF THE COUNCIL
1. The Session of the Council is the supreme agency of Comecon.
It has the right to study all questions within the competence of the
Council, and to adopt recommendations and decisions according to
2. The Session of the Council is composed of the delegations
of all member countries of Comecon. The composition of the
delegation of each country is decided by the government of the country
3. The Council will meet in ordinary session at least once a
year, in the capitals of the member countries in turn. It will
convene under the chairmanship of the leader of the delegation of
the country where the session takes place.
4. An extraordinary Session of the Council may be convened on
the request of not less than one third of the member countries.
5. The Session of the Council:
a. Will examine:
- the main problems of economic, scientific, and technical
co-operation, and establish the main lines of the
- the report of the Executive Committee on the work of
b. Will perform other functions necessary to achieve the
aims of the organization.
6. The Session of the Council is entitled to establish those
organs which it considers necessary for the fulfillment of the
functions entrusted to the Council.
7. The Session of the Council draws up its own rules of
ARTICLE VII: EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
1. The Comecon Executive Committee consists of
representatives of all member countries, at the level of deputy head of
government, one for each country.
The Executive Committee is the Council's main executive body.
2. The Executive Committee normally meets every three months.
3. The Executive Committtee has the right, within the area
of its competence, to adopt recommendations and make decisions in
conformity with the charter. The Executive Committee may submit
suggestions to the Session of the Council for examination.
4. The Executive Committee:
a. Controls the entire range of work connected with the
implementation of the tasks with which the Council is faced,
in conformity with the decisions made by the Session of the
Council; it systematically oversees the implementation
by the member countries of those obligations deriving from
the recommendations of the Council's agencies that they
b. Controls the work of coordinating the development plans
of the national economies, and plans for specialization
and co-operation in production, of the member countries;
and organizes the establishment of the main principles
of a rational division of labor in these countries' major
sectors of production;
c. Examines suggestions submitted by the member countries
and the relevant agencies of the Council on problems
connected with economic, scientific, and technical
collaboration; and analyzes this collaboration and works
out measures to ensure its continual development;
d. Establishes the main rules and prepares measures on the
- exchange of commodities and services
- technical and scientific co-operation
among the member countries
e. Controls the work of the Committees, the Permanent
Commissions, and the Secretariat, as well as of other
relevant agencies of the Council, and establishes the
main problems they are to handle and the lines their
work is to follow;
- the tables of organization prepared by the Secretariat,
the budget of the Council, and the report of the
Secretariat on the implementation of the budget;
- the regulations governing the Committees, the Permanent
Commissions, and the Secretariat, and other agencies
of the Council;
g. Sets up control agencies to check the financial activities
of the Secretariat;
h. Executes other functions deriving from this charter, as
well as from the recommendations and decisions made by
the Session of the Council.
5. The Executive Committee may establish such
auxiliary-agencies as it considers necessary to discharge its responsibilities.
6. The Executive Committee draws up its own rules of procedure.
ARTICLE VIII: COMMITTEES
1. Committees will be set up by the Session, of the Council
to ensure a comprehensive examination and-a multilateral
settlement of the major problems connected with economic, scientific,
and technical co-operation among the member countries.
These Committees will discharge the responsibilities laid on ^
them by their regulations, as well as others deriving from the
recommendations and decisions made by the Session of the Council
and by the Executive Committee.
2. The Committees comprise the leaders of the relevant bodies
of the member states -- one representative for each country.
3. Within the limits of their competence, the Committees are
a. Adopt recommendations and make decisions, in conformity
with this charter;
b. Submit suggestions to Sessions of the Council or the
Executive Committee for examination;
c. Set up working groups to study problems within the purview
of the Committees, to be examined and agreed upon by the
Committees; and to convene technical-scientific conferences
and other meetings;
d. Request the Permanent Commissions and other relevant
agencies of Comecon for information and suggestions on
problems connected with their work.
4. The Committees submit annual reports on their activities
to the Executive Committee..
5. The Committees draw up their own rules of procedure.
ARTICLE IX: PERMANENT COMMISSIONS
1. The Permanent Commissions of Comecon are established by
the Session of the Council for the purpose of assisting the
further development of economic relations among the member
countries of the Council, and for the organization of multilateral
economic, technical, and scientific co-operation in the various
sectors of the national economies of these countries.
The Permanent Commissions work out measures and prepare
suggestions relating to the implementation of the co-operation mentioned
above, including the preparation of adequate multilateral
conventions; they also implement the responsibilities deriving from this
charter, and from the recommendations and decisions of the Session
of the Council, the Executive Committee, and the Committees.
2. The Permanent Commissions will be made up of delegates
appointed by the member countries.
3. Within the limits of their authority, the Permanent
Commissions are entitled to:
a. Adopt recommendations and make decisions in conformity
with this charter;
b. Submit proposals to the Session of the Council and the
Executive Committee for examination; and, by request or
on their own initiative, to submit information and
suggestions to other relevant Comecon agencies;
c. Set up working groups to study various problems within
the competence of the commissions, for examination and
approval by the latter; and to convene
technical-scientific conferences and other meetings.
4. The Permanent Commissions submit yearly reports to the
Executive Committee on their work and on their future activity.
5. The Permanent Commissions draw up their own rules of
ARTICLE X: SECRETARIAT
1. The Secretariat is composed of a Secretary, his deputies,
and such personnel as may prove necessary for exercising the
functions entrusted to the Secretariat.
The Secretary will be appointed by the Session of the Council,
and his deputies by the Executive Committee.
The Secretary and his deputies operate the Secretariat. The
Secretariat's staff is made up of citizens of the member countries,
in conformity with the regulations governing the Secretariat.
The Secretary is the main official of Comecon. He represents
the Council before officials and organizations of the member
countries and other countries, as well as before international
The Secretary has the right to authorize his deputies, as well
as the Secretariat's staff, to represent him wherever necessary.
The Secretary and his deputies may participate in all
conferences of the Council's agencies.
2. The Secretariat:
a. Organizes the preparation of meetings of Comecon agencies
and of other meetings that take place within the
framework of the Council, and contributes to their conduct;
it prepares, or contributes to preparing, information for
meetings of the Council's organs, in conformity with the
work schedules of these bodies; it ensures the
implementation of the secretariat responsibilities of other
b. Produces general economic surveys and carries out economic
research on the basis of information submitted by the
member countries; prepares and publishes informative,
documentary, and other material dealing with the problems
of economic, scientific, and technical co-operation among
the member countries; and carries out other general
c. Prepares suggestions in connection with the various
problems of the work of the Council, to be examined by
the relevant agencies;
d. Works out, or contributes to working out, drafts of
multilateral conventions on problems connected with economic,
scientific, and technical co-operation, in accordance
with the recommendations and decisions of other Comecon
e. Organizes and records the implementation of the
recommendations made and decisions taken by other Comecon
agencies; it also prepares suitable suggestions for
examination by these agencies;
f. Undertakes other ventures deriving from this charter,
from the recommendations and decisions adopted by the
Council, and from the regulations governing the
3. The Secretary, his deputies, and the personnel of the
Secretariat, in fulfilling their obligations toward the Council,
act as international official persons.
4. The seat of the Secretariat is in Moscow.
ARTICLE XI: RELATIONS WITH OTHER COUNTRIES
Comecon may invite countries which are not members of the
Council to take part in the activity of the agencies of the Council,
or may co-operate with them in other ways.
The conditions governing the participation of nonmember
countries in the work of the Council's agencies, or their
collaboration with the Council in other ways, will be established by the
Council in agreement with these states.
ARTICLE XII: RELATIONS WITH INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
Comecon may establish and maintain relations with the agencies
of the United Nations Organization, with specialized international
organizations, and with other international organizations.
The character and form of these relations will be established
by the Council in agreement with the agencies of the United Nations
Organization and with the international organizations concerned,
normally by concluding conventions.
ARTICLE XIII: FINANCIAL MATTERS
1. The Council budget will specify all the revenues and
expenditures of the Council. The Comecon states will cover the
costs of maintaining the Secretariat and financing its work, and
will meet the other expenditures of the Council, in conformity
with its budget. The Session of the Council will determine the
contributions to be paid by the member countries to the Council's
2. The Secretariat will submit to the Executive Committee
the draft budget of the Council for each calendar year and a
report on the implementation of the previous budget.
The financial activities of the Secretariat will be audited
3. The expenditures resulting from participation in the
meetings of the Council's agencies and in all other meetings held
within the framework of Comecon will be covered by countries so
4. The cost of rooms placed at the disposal of the Council
and of the technical support necessary to the meetings mentioned
under Point 3 of this article will be covered by the country
where these meetings are held, except when such meetings take place
at the headquarters of the Council.
ARTICLE XIV: MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS
1. Comecon enjoys all legal rights on the territory of each
member country of the Council necessary for the fulfillment of its
functions and the achievement of its aims.
2. The Council, the representatives of the member countries,
and the employees of the Council enjoy such privileges and
immunities on the territory of each of these countries as are necessary
for the fulfillment of the functions and the achievement of the aims
set forth in this charter.
3. The rights, privileges, and immunities provided in this
article are defined by a special Convention.
4. The regulations of this charter do not affect the rights
and obligations of the member countries of the Council resulting
from their membership in other international organizations, or
from international agreements concluded by them.
5. Countries' representatives on the Executive Committee of
the Council are, at the same time, permanent representatives of their
countries on the Council. The permanent representatives have deputies
who are located in the headquarters of the Secretariat, as well as
the necessary number of advisers and other assistants.
ARTICLE XV: LANGUAGES
1. The official languages of Comecon are the languages of
all member countries of the Council.
2. The language used in the Council is Russian.
ARTICLE XVI: RATIFICATION AND ENACTMENT OF THE CHARTER
1. This charter is subject to ratification by the countries
that have signed it, in accordance with their constitutional
2. The ratified documents will be delivered to the custodian
of the charter for safe keeping.
3. The charter comes into force immediately the ratified
documents of all countries which have signed the charter are delivered
for safe keeping, at which time the custodian will inform those
countries accordingly and without delay.
4. In respect to any country which under Article II, Point 2
of this charter may be accepted as a member of Comecon and ratifies
this charter, the latter comes into force provisionally on the day
on which the Session of the Council decides to accept the country
in question and permanently when that country delivers the ratified
document for safe keeping, at which time the custodian shall inform
the other member countries of the Council.
ARTICLE XVII: PROCEDURE FOR AMENDING THE CHARTER
Each member country may introduce proposals for amendment of
Amendments approved by the Session of the Council come into
force immediately after the appropriate documents, ratified by
all member countries of the Council, are delivered to the custodian
for safe keeping.
ARTICLE XVIII: CONCLUDING REGULATIONS
This charter is prepared in one copy in the Russian language.
The charter will be deposited for safe keeping with the Government
of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The latter will send
certified copies of the charter to the Governments of all other
member countries of the Council, and will inform these Governments
and the Council Secretary that the ratified documents have been
deposited with the Government of the USSR for safe keeping.
In witness whereof, the representatives of the Governments of
the member countries of Comecon have signed this charter.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
General Secretary of the CPSU and Premier of the USSR
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin
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